Lower limb lymphoedema


Lymphoedema on LEGS AND ARMS 

Lymphoedema is the accumulation of fluid (lymph) in the soft body tissues when the lymph system is damaged or blocked . The fluid accumulates in the soft body tissues and causes swelling . It usually affects an arm or leg, but can also affect other parts of the body. Lymphoedema can cause physical , psychological and social long-term problems in patients . 

Types of lymphoedemaÔÇ»:┬á

- It can be primary or secondary : Primary: is the abnormal development of the lymphatic system. Symptoms may occur at birth or later in life.  

Secondary: caused by damage to the lymphatic system. The lymph system may be damaged or blocked by infection , injury , cancer, removal of lymph nodes, radiotherapy to the affected area or scar tissue from radiotherapy or surgery. 

Treatment:ÔÇ»control of swelling and other problems causing this condition. The damage to the lymphatic system can not be repaired. Treatment is given to control swelling and to prevent appearance or worsening other underlying problems. Losing weight, keeping active and physiotherapy (without drugs) is the standard treatment. Treatment may include a combination of several physical methods, such as manual lymphatic drainage, acupressure and compression stockings .┬á

The purpose of these treatments is to help the patient to continue with their usual activities, reduce pain and improve the ability to move and use the affected limb (arm or leg). Usually, no long term medication are used to treat this condition.